Here we’ve brought together links to help you with background climate information and other sources of adaptation tools from the UK and further afield.

  • Climate science includes the major international providers of climate science information.
  • Tools and resources covers information to help you with your adaptation assessment.
  • Communicating science features interesting and innovative approaches to sharing knowledge.

Climate science

European Environment Agency (EEA)

The EEA is an agency of the European Union, providing independent information on the environment. They are a major information source for anyone involved in developing, adopting, implementing and evaluating environmental policy, as well as the general public.

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)

The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) is the leading international body for the assessment of climate change. It was established by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the World Meteorological Organisation (WMO) to provide the world with a clear scientific view on the current state of knowledge in climate change and its potential environmental and socio-economic impacts.

The Fifth assessment, AR5, was released in October 2013. The headlines from the report are available as a pdf (200 KB).

Met Office Hadley Centre

The Met Office Hadley Centre is the UK’s foremost climate change research centre. They produce guidance on the science of climate change and are the UK focus for the scientific issues associated with climate change.

The Met Office has also produced useful explanatory graphics on the energy and water cycles.


The Global Change Master Directory holds more than 25,000 Earth science data set and service descriptions, which cover a range of Earth and environmental sciences. The project mission is to assist researchers, policy makers, and the public in the access to data, related services, and ancillary information relevant to global change and Earth science research.

National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)

Climate time line from the Paleoclimatology Program at NOAA provides the paleoclimate data and information needed to understand and model inter-annual to centennial-scale environmental variability.

World Bank

The World Bank Climate Change Portal provides readily accessible climate and climate-related data to policy makers and development practitioners. The site also includes a mapping visualisation tool (webGIS) to display key climate variables and climate-related data.

World Meteorological Organisation (WMO)

The WMO is an agency of the United Nations, looking at the state and behaviour of the Earth’s atmosphere, its interaction with the oceans, the climate it produces and the resulting distribution of water resources.

Tools & resources


Climate-Adapt is the European Commission’s climate change portal in partnership with the European Environment Agency. It provides tools, case studies, news and detailed information for each of the participating countries.

Climate Adaptation Knowledge Exchange (CAKE)

Based in the USA, Climate Adaptation Knowledge Exchange (CAKE) aims to build a shared knowledge base for managing natural systems in the face of rapid climate change, and help to build a community of practice.

Climate Change Adaptation Navigator

An adaptation tool for the Australian state of Victoria, the Climate Change Adaptation Navigator is designed for local government and allows the user to find past and future climate information. It also provides case studies and background information to help you through the process.

Climate trends for Scotland tool

Adaptation Scotland’s interactive tool allows users to create graphs to investigate climate trends by selecting any combination of climate variable (seven), region (three and all of Scotland), and choice of month, season or annual averages. These are displayed as a graph, with a trend line to indicate the moving average.

Convention on Biological Diversity

The Adaptation Planning database is a web-based guidance on the integration of biodiversity within adaptation planning. Its purpose is to support parties as they continue to integrate climate change impacts and response activities through their implementation of the Convention on Biological Diversity. It contains useful information and tools on how to adapt to climate change.

ioMosaic Corporation

For general guidance on designing effective risk matrices, see the work of the ioMosaic Corporation.

Met Office observed data anomaly maps

The Met Office makes use of its rich record of observed weather data by providing UK-wide maps of climate anomalies. Taking the 1961–1990 average as its baseline, you can see how temperature (max, min and mean) and rainfall in the past compare to a given year. Maps are available for monthly, seasonal and annual averages. They are intended to answer questions such as “when was it last as hot as this summer?”

Flood guidance

Directline insurers have produced a helpful guide on How to minimise flood damage in your home.

Communicating science

Building Futures Sustainable Design Toolkit

The Sustainable Design Toolkit from Hertfordshire County Council is an excellent interactive animation to help developers think about the principles and practice of sustainable design.

Central European flooding 2013 visualisations

Euro4M produce Climate Indicator Bulletins to visualise observed data and events. This issue shows the extent of the flooding across Europe in May to June, 2013.

Climate adaptation board game

Adaptation Scotland, in partnership with Transport Scotland, have designed a Climate adaptation board game. At least two teams of 3–8 people, plus their banker and Finance Minister, will test their creative thinking, teamwork, and decision-making and communication skills. The game includes additional challenges and an ‘introduction to adaptation’ presentation.

Climate vulnerability

DARA, an independent non-profit organisation, produce an annual Climate vulnerability monitor which quantifies the impacts of climate change accompanied by useful graphics and visualisations.


Climatica is a web-based climate science initiative, written by scientific experts to explain research and its results to the public. It includes written articles, video talks, blogs from the field, and opportunities for questions and discussion.

How hot will it get in my lifetime?

Nifty interactive graphic from The Guardian that provides some insight into how much warmer the earth may become during your lifetime – just add your year of birth.

Timelapse of the changing climate

Time, Google and NASA used Google Earth software to sort through data from Landsat satellite images and stitch them together into an animation of the changing surface of the earth over the decades (from 1984 to 2012). The footage shows urban expansion, the retreat of glaciers, the disappearing Amazonian rainforest, natural resource extraction (such as coal mining and the Tar Sands), irrigation projects in the Middle Eastern deserts, and much more.